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The Democratic Civil Alliance discusses its vision for a national solution in Washington

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The Statement The Democratic Civil Alliance

 

About the Alliance:

The Democratic Civil Alliance (DCA) is an alliance of Syrian democratic, political and civil figures and forces. It envisions a future Syria being a democratic civil state based on citizenship and that ensures the individual and collective human rights as defined in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.

The Alliance seeks to bring together all democratic forces and political players that are opposed to tyranny and corruption, that reject sectarianism and violence, that rely on the notion, components and execution of the Syrian-based solution, and that accept participation in a political process aimed at ending the Syrian crisis and start the transition to democracy through a peaceful political path.

The Democratic Civil Alliance stresses the importance of the participation of all Syrian players and parties in creating the solution.

The Democratic Civil Alliance does not set preconditions to negotiations with the regime, but it holds on strongly to the necessity for the appropriate climate for this negotiation to take place and for the negotiation to have a clear subject: agreement on a transitional period that prepares Syria to enter a new democratic era, that lays the foundation for building a state based on the rule of law and democratic institutions, and to permanently abolish the system of dictatorship.

The Democratic Civil Alliance adopts the Geneva Communiqué of 30 June 2012 in its vision for solving the Syrian crisis, particularly to reach, through negotiations, a governing body (such as transitional government) for the transitional period. This should include figures from the opposition, the regime and other parties in order to form a coalition authority that will be in a position to lead the country towards an electoral transitional period.

It is essential for the transitional government to have full authority to carry out its duties during the transitional period, and to have executive power to end the armed conflict, to run the country, and to begin the process of rebuilding the country.

The Alliance realizes that negotiation is a complex political process that should be constantly supported and nurtured through continuous dialogue among all parties – including any new party that wishes to participate in the ongoing negotiations.

The Alliance believes that the transitional government does not have sufficient legitimacy to create a new constitution. Therefore the transitional period should be made out of two short-term phases until we reach a true electoral stage capable of producing a Parliament with full legitimacy.

The transitional period envisaged by the Alliance:

The Alliance puts forward his vision for a two phase transitional period for all the forces that are convinced of the necessity of a political solution today as follow:

The First Phase:

  • This phase will be based on the consensus on power-sharing based on the Geneva Communiqué.
  • During this phase the current Constitution will be suspended.
  • This transitional government should govern based on fundamental constitutional rules (an agreed Constitutional Declaration).
  • The transitional government shall have full power: administrative, security, military and economic.
  • The tasks of the transitional government are to:
  1. Prepare the country politically and security-wise for the second phase, which sets out the fundamental individual and collective rights;
  2. Start the process of institutions-building;
  3. Guarantees of the three liberties of assembly, association, and to political and civil organization;
  4. Restructure the military and security institutions and determines the nature of the relationship; the structure and the function of the military and security on a national basis;
  5. Develop legislation that will allow parliamentary elections;
  6. Draft a national program of arms control in order to limit arms to the State institutions;
  7. Work to compensate and rehabilitate the victims of violence;
  8. Begin the process of rebuilding in accordance with a contingency plan and international and regional commitments to support Syria and the Syrian people.
  • Parliamentary elections will be held to form a constituent and legislative council for a period of one year only.

 

The Second Phase:

The tasks of the elected constituent council in this stage are limited to the following:

  1. Drafting of a new constitution for the country, leading to a referendum;
  2. Passing laws, legislation and rules which establish a separation of powers;
  3. Cooperating with the transitional government in the management of the affairs of the country according to the new Constitution.

The tasks of the government during this phase are to:

  1. Prepare the country for parliamentary elections;
  2. Bring security and safety to the country;
  3. Supervise the elections in accordance with the new constitution.

At the end of the one-year period, new parliamentary elections will be held for the normal duration of the parliament as defined in the new constitution, at which stage:

  • A new president of Syria is elected
  • A new government is formed according to the Constitution and the results of the Parliamentary elections.

Prior to the transitional period:

During the negotiations period (whether direct or indirect negotiations) it is demanded from the regime to demonstrate its seriousness to deliver concrete and demonstrable confidence-building measure. These measures include the following:

  1. The release of political prisoners and the abolition of Decree 55.
  2. The acceptance of cease-fire. This may be in accordance with an agreed plans at regional and local level, and to start executing this plan in the appropriate regions
  3. The facilitation of relief and rescue operations and supporting and strengthening the role of Syrian civil society in these operations.
  4. The adoption of the principle of committing to the agreements resulting from the negotiations.
  5. The consent to the presence of international guarantees for the negotiations and commitment to the agreements and covenants.

Subsequent to these steps, direct negotiation delegates will be selected, after the place for the negotiations has been determined.

Committee of Action emerging from the Syrian International Conference for Democratic Syria and Civilian State on 28-29 January 2013

 

 

Paris 2-3 March 2013

Press conference for the representatives of the Democratic Civil Alliance in Washington

LOPress conference for the representatives of the Democratic Civil Alliance in Washington

The Democratic Civil Alliance presents a national Syrian solution to the crises in Syria. A solution that is based on the Geneva Communique of 30 June 2012 and is inclusive of all the players of the conflict.

Drs. Haytham Manna and Rim Turkmani, representatives of the Allianc, just finished a visit to New York City. They met with UN officials and diplomats including the president and members of the Security Council. On Monday, they met with officials at the State Department and discussed the possibilities of resolving the conflict through negotiations to end the killing and move towards a civil democratic Syria.

The National Press Club in Washington will host a press conference for the representatives of the Democratic Civil Alliance on March 19, 2013 10:00 AM.

Address: The National Press Club 529 14th St. NW, 13th Floor – Washington, DC 20045

Contacts:
National Press Club: PETER HICKMAN
301/367-7711 (c), 301/530-1210 (t), 202/662-7540 (NPC), pjhickman@hotmail.com
Speakers (Global Policy Forum):
DAVID GRANT
david67grant@gmail.com, 202/577-3145
MEL DUNCAN
mduncan@nonviolentpeaceforce.com, 651/245-8706

The Democratic Civil Alliance – DCA

LOThe Democratic Civil Alliance – DCA
The Democratic Civil Alliance which consists of Syrian political figures and civil democratic forces considers the coming Syria as a democratic civil State based on citizenship that ensures the individual and collective rights that are approved in the International Bill of Human Rights.
This Alliance seeks to bring together all democratic forces and political parties that are opposed to tyranny and corruption, that reject sectarianism and violence, that rely on the notion, components and execution of the Syrian-based solution, and that accept participation in a political process aimed at ending the Syrian crisis and transition to a democracy through a peaceful political path.
The Democratic Civil Alliance sees the necessity for all Syrian parties to participate in creating the solution.
The Democratic Civil Alliance does not set preconditions to negotiations with the regime, but maintains that it is necessary for the appropriate climate for this negotiation to be in place, and for this negotiation to have a clear title: to agree on a transitional phase in preparation for the country entering a new democratic era putting down roots for building a State of law and democratic institutions, and to permanently sever the system of dictatorship.
The Democratic Civil Alliance relies on the International Geneva Agreement of 30 June 2012 in its vision for a solution for the Syrian crisis, particularly to reach through negotiations a governing body (transitional Government) for the interim period that includes figures from the regime, the opposition and other parties, so that they form a coalition authority that will be in a position to lead the country in the electoral transition stage.
It is necessary that the transitional Government has full powers to carry out its duties as an authority for the transitional period, and to have executive power to manage the country, to end the armed conflict and to begin the process of rebuilding the country.
The Alliance sees that negotiation is a complex political process and it should remain supported through dialogue between all parties, including new parties that had not seen a place for themselves or an opportunity to enter the negotiation process in former times.
The Alliance considers that the forces participating in the transitional authority phase do not have sufficient legitimacy to create a new Constitution, therefore it should be created from two short-term phases until we reach the true electoral stage of producing a Parliament with full legitimacy. It offers a vision for the transitional phase for all the forces that are convinced of the need of a political solution today, that is based on two stages:Phase I:
This will be on the basis of consensus on power-sharing based on the International Geneva Agreement.
The current Constitution is suspended.
This transitional Government should govern based on fundamental Constitutional rules (an agreed Constitutional declaration).
This authority shall have full administrative, security, military and economic power.
This authority must prepare the country politically and securely for the second phase, which sets out: the fundamental rights in the range of the individual, the collective and institution-building, and provides for the launch of the three liberties of assembly, association and political and civil organization; the restructuring of the military and security institutions and determines the nature of the relationship, the structure and the function of the military and security on a national basis; the development of legislation that will allow parliamentary elections; the drafting of a national program of arms control in order to limit arms to the State; and work to compensate and rehabilitate the victims of violence, and begin the process of reconstruction in accordance with the contingency plan and international and regional commitments to support the people and the State.
Parliamentary elections will be held to form a constituent council and legislative for a period of one year only.
Phase II:
Limited functions of this council:
– Construction of a new Constitution for the country, and hold a referendum on it;
– To pass laws, legislation and rules which establish a separation of powers,
– Co-operate with the coalition Government in the management of the affairs of the country according to the new Constitution.The functions of the Government at this stage:
– Prepare the country in acceptable ways for Parliamentary elections;
– Return the country to a high level of security and safety;
– Supervision of the elections in accordance with the new Constitution.At the end of the session (one year) to hold new Parliamentary elections for the normal duration as per. the Constitution, and then:
– Elect a new President, and a new Government will be formed according to the Constitution and the results of the Parliamentary elections;

The requirements on the regime in the negotiation stage, directly or indirectly, in order to create confidence in its seriousness:
• the release of political prisoners and the abolition of Decree 55;
• accept the principle of a cease-fire. This may be in accordance with agreed plans at regional and local level, and beginning in appropriate areas;
• facilitate relief and rescue operations and strengthening the role of Syrian civil society;
• the adoption of the principle of commitment to the agreements resulting from the negotiations,
• consent to the presence of international guarantees for negotiation and commitment to the agreements and covenants.Subsequent to these steps, direct negotiation delegates will be selected, after the place for the negotiations has been determined.
Committee of Action emerging from the Syrian International Conference for Democratic Syria and Civilian State on 28-29 January 2013
Paris 2-3 March 2013

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