The Statement The Democratic Civil Alliance
About the Alliance:
The Democratic Civil Alliance (DCA) is an alliance of Syrian democratic, political and civil figures and forces. It envisions a future Syria being a democratic civil state based on citizenship and that ensures the individual and collective human rights as defined in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
The Alliance seeks to bring together all democratic forces and political players that are opposed to tyranny and corruption, that reject sectarianism and violence, that rely on the notion, components and execution of the Syrian-based solution, and that accept participation in a political process aimed at ending the Syrian crisis and start the transition to democracy through a peaceful political path.
The Democratic Civil Alliance stresses the importance of the participation of all Syrian players and parties in creating the solution.
The Democratic Civil Alliance does not set preconditions to negotiations with the regime, but it holds on strongly to the necessity for the appropriate climate for this negotiation to take place and for the negotiation to have a clear subject: agreement on a transitional period that prepares Syria to enter a new democratic era, that lays the foundation for building a state based on the rule of law and democratic institutions, and to permanently abolish the system of dictatorship.
The Democratic Civil Alliance adopts the Geneva Communiqué of 30 June 2012 in its vision for solving the Syrian crisis, particularly to reach, through negotiations, a governing body (such as transitional government) for the transitional period. This should include figures from the opposition, the regime and other parties in order to form a coalition authority that will be in a position to lead the country towards an electoral transitional period.
It is essential for the transitional government to have full authority to carry out its duties during the transitional period, and to have executive power to end the armed conflict, to run the country, and to begin the process of rebuilding the country.
The Alliance realizes that negotiation is a complex political process that should be constantly supported and nurtured through continuous dialogue among all parties – including any new party that wishes to participate in the ongoing negotiations.
The Alliance believes that the transitional government does not have sufficient legitimacy to create a new constitution. Therefore the transitional period should be made out of two short-term phases until we reach a true electoral stage capable of producing a Parliament with full legitimacy.
The transitional period envisaged by the Alliance:
The Alliance puts forward his vision for a two phase transitional period for all the forces that are convinced of the necessity of a political solution today as follow:
The First Phase:
- This phase will be based on the consensus on power-sharing based on the Geneva Communiqué.
- During this phase the current Constitution will be suspended.
- This transitional government should govern based on fundamental constitutional rules (an agreed Constitutional Declaration).
- The transitional government shall have full power: administrative, security, military and economic.
- The tasks of the transitional government are to:
- Prepare the country politically and security-wise for the second phase, which sets out the fundamental individual and collective rights;
- Start the process of institutions-building;
- Guarantees of the three liberties of assembly, association, and to political and civil organization;
- Restructure the military and security institutions and determines the nature of the relationship; the structure and the function of the military and security on a national basis;
- Develop legislation that will allow parliamentary elections;
- Draft a national program of arms control in order to limit arms to the State institutions;
- Work to compensate and rehabilitate the victims of violence;
- Begin the process of rebuilding in accordance with a contingency plan and international and regional commitments to support Syria and the Syrian people.
- Parliamentary elections will be held to form a constituent and legislative council for a period of one year only.
The Second Phase:
The tasks of the elected constituent council in this stage are limited to the following:
- Drafting of a new constitution for the country, leading to a referendum;
- Passing laws, legislation and rules which establish a separation of powers;
- Cooperating with the transitional government in the management of the affairs of the country according to the new Constitution.
The tasks of the government during this phase are to:
- Prepare the country for parliamentary elections;
- Bring security and safety to the country;
- Supervise the elections in accordance with the new constitution.
At the end of the one-year period, new parliamentary elections will be held for the normal duration of the parliament as defined in the new constitution, at which stage:
- A new president of Syria is elected
- A new government is formed according to the Constitution and the results of the Parliamentary elections.
Prior to the transitional period:
During the negotiations period (whether direct or indirect negotiations) it is demanded from the regime to demonstrate its seriousness to deliver concrete and demonstrable confidence-building measure. These measures include the following:
- The release of political prisoners and the abolition of Decree 55.
- The acceptance of cease-fire. This may be in accordance with an agreed plans at regional and local level, and to start executing this plan in the appropriate regions
- The facilitation of relief and rescue operations and supporting and strengthening the role of Syrian civil society in these operations.
- The adoption of the principle of committing to the agreements resulting from the negotiations.
- The consent to the presence of international guarantees for the negotiations and commitment to the agreements and covenants.
Subsequent to these steps, direct negotiation delegates will be selected, after the place for the negotiations has been determined.
Committee of Action emerging from the Syrian International Conference for Democratic Syria and Civilian State on 28-29 January 2013
Paris 2-3 March 2013